电脑支援协作学习

电脑支援协作学习是指一个用电脑辅助协作学习的研究主题。它跟电脑支援协作工作相关。其范围横跨心理学电脑科学教育

CSCL 是一个主要的方法,结合协作学习合作学习的优点,经由网路、电脑,使用远距学习或同地点学习,在网路上或是电子化教室进行学习。CSCL 的目的是:支援学生有效率的共同学习。CSCL 支援学习者之间,意见与资讯的沟通;在学习活动中,协同存取资讯、文件以及授课者、同侪的回馈。CSCL 也支援、促进群组进行、动态活动,可以达到面对面沟通做不到的事情。(比如学习者可以对他们的沟通贴标签。)

因为网路授课的需求剧增,教育者、授课设计者了解CSCL 的利益与限制是很重要的。就像很多教育活动,CSCL 活动也很难去评估它的效率、效果。早期的努力着重在电脑中介沟通可能有害的效果,但忽略了电脑中介沟通潜在的利益。历史上,科技创新在传统课堂教室上,缺少足够的证据,可以证明科技创新可以增强学习。

CSCL 研究主要的特色在于它多元的方法论:CSCL 研究者采用实验法、逼进法、谈话分析、个案研究等。

相关资料

  • Educational psychology
  • Fle3 - Future Learning Environment - web-based learning environment for computer supported collaborative learning.
  • CoFFEE - Face to Face and computer mediated collaborative learning in the classroom.
  • Opportunistic collaboration
  • Group cognition

外部连结

  • An introduction to CSCL is available in several languages: Stahl, G., Koschmann, T., & Suthers, D. (2006). "Computer-supported collaborative learning: An historical perspective". In R. K. Sawyer (Ed.), Cambridge handbook of the learning sciences (pp. 409-426). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. In English[失效连结], simplified Chinese[永久失效连结], traditional Chinese[永久失效连结], Spanish[永久失效连结], Portuguese, German[永久失效连结], Romanian[永久失效连结].
  • The International Society for the Learning Sciences (ISLS) is a professional society. It sponsors bi-annual conferences on CSCL and on the Learning Sciences. It also sponsors the ijCSCL journal and the Journal of the Learning Sciences. Subscription to these journals is included in ISLS membership.
  • The Laboratory for Interactive Learning Technologies is a computer supported collaborative learning laboratory at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. "LILT pursues a diverse portfolio of cognitive science, human-computer interaction, and social science approaches to technology-supported learning."
  • Gerry Stahl's CSCL web page contains links to articles, books, conferences, and other resources related to CSCL. It contains videos of several presentations at CSCL conferences.
  • Group Cognition web page contains a pre-publication version of a new book on CSCL -- "Group Cognition: Computer Support for Building Collaborative Knowledge" by Gerry Stahl, MIT Press, 2006.
  • CSILE, the first CSCL environment, and its second generation groupware: Knowledge Forum
  • Allan Jeong's web page[永久失效连结] contains links to empirical studies and software tools that use student labeled communications in CSCL to analyze, visualize, and identify sequential patterns in message-response exchanges (e.g., argument-challenge, challenge-explain) that trigger high level critical thinking and problem-solving.
  • LEAD - CSCL in the digital classroom Web site of a European research consortium developing CoFFEE, an open-source educational environment that supports and structures face to face and computer mediated classroom discussions: CoFFEE.